Foundations of Literacy
Sciences of Literacy
The candidates will demonstrate knowledge of psychological, sociological, and linguistic foundations of reading and writing processes and instruction (IRA standard 1.1).
The candidates will demonstrate knowledge of reading research and histories of reading (IRA Standard 1.2).
The candidates will demonstrate knowledge of language development and reading acquisition and the variations related to cultural and linguistic diversity (IRA standard 1.3).
Integration of Major Components
The candidates will demonstrate knowledge of the major components of reading (phonemic awareness, word identification and phonics, vocabulary and background knowledge, fluency, comprehension strategies, and motivation), and how they are integrated in fluent reading (IRA Standard 1.4).